Systematic Literature Review: Validitas Konstruk Skala Psychological Well-Being Ryff

  • Aditia Kharisma Meliala Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat,  Indonesia
  • Ahman Ahman Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat,  Indonesia


The study of psychological well-being has received increasing attention in the last decade, especially integrated into the field of positive psychology. One of the difficulties in grasping a deep understanding of the concept of psychological well-being is due to the wide variety of concepts used interchangeably in the literature. Ryff (1989), undertook the difficult task of distilling the theories of the original psychological well-being model. Ryff's model integrates the theoretical components of Abraham Maslow's concept of self-actualisation, Rogers' view of the fully functioning person, Allport's individual formulation of the concept of maturity, Erikson's psychosocial stages model, Buhler's basic life tendencies, Neugarten's personality change, Jahoda's positive criteria of mental health. Ryff's theory includes six basic dimensions of psychological well-being, namely 1) Autonomy, 2) Environmental control, 3) Personal growth, 4) Positive relationships with others, 5) Life purpose, 6) Self-acceptance. The procedure used for the systematic review in this study was designed based on the PRISMA (Protocol Review Systematic and Meta-Analysis) statement. This article suggests that future researchers in an effort to conduct construct testing on Ryff's psychological well-being scale, it is recommended to test the validity of content, convergent, and criteria.

Keywords: Construct validity, Ryff psychological well-being scale

PDF Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite:
Meliala, A. K., & Ahman, A. (2024). Systematic Literature Review: Validitas Konstruk Skala Psychological Well-Being Ryff. Ideguru: Jurnal Karya Ilmiah Guru, 9(2), 950-955.
Literature Review
Abstract viewed: 323 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded: 264 times


Adu, G, A., & Mpuangnan, K, N. (2022). Developing Psychological Well-Being Among School Children Through Conceptualization Approach. European Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 3(4) 374.

Akin, A. (2008). The scales of psychological well-being: A study of validity and reliability. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 8, 741–750.

Andresen, S., Bradshaw, J., & Kosher, H. (2019). Young children's perceptions of their lives and well-being. Child Indicators Research, 12(1), 1-7.

Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago: Aldine.

Creswell, J, W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluting Quantitative and Qalitative Research 4th Edition. Boston: Pearson

Díaz, D.; Rodríguez-Carvajal, R.; Blanco, A.; Moreno-Jiménez, B.; Gallardo, I.; Valle, C.; van Dierendonck, D. (2006). Adaptación española de las escalas de bienestar psicológico de Ryff. Psicothema , 18, 572–577.

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71–75. 01_13

Huppert, F. A. (2014). The state of well-being science. Concepts, measures, interventions, and policies: UK John Wiley & Sons

Huppert, F. A., & So, T. T. (2011). Flourishing across Europe: Application of a new conceptual framework for defining well-being. Social Indicators Research, 110(3), 837-861. 011-9966-7.

Johnston, M., Dixon, D., Hart, J., Glidewell, L., Schröder, C., & Pollard, B. (2014). Discriminant content validity: A quantitative methodology for assessing content of theory-based measures, with illustrative applications. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19(2), 240–257.

Liberati, A., Altman, D. G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Gøtzsche, P. C., Ioannidis, J. P. A., Clarke, M., Devereaux, P. J., Kleijnen, J., & Moher, D. (2009). The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions : Explanation and Elaboration. PLoS Medicin, 6(7).

Miftahuddin, F, M. (2018), Uji Validitas Konstruk Psychological Well-Being Scale dengan Metode Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Jurnal pengukuran dan Pendidikan Indonesia, 7(1), 22-32.

Mother, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & Group, T. P. (2009). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses : The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Medicin, 6(7)

Murniasih, F. (2013). Struktur dan Pengukuran terhadap Psychological Well-Being: Uji Validitas Konstruk Psychological Well-Being Scale. Jurnal Pengukuran Psikologi dan Pendidikan Indonesia. 6(4).

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2012). Better life index executive report

Purnama, D. S., Farozin, M., & Astuti, D., B. (2022). The Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale for Indonesian Higher Education Student: A rasch Model Analysis. Indonesian Research Journal in Education. 6 (2).

Rachmayani, D. & Ramadhani, N. (2014). Adaptasi bahasa dan budaya skala psychological well-being. Proceeding Seminar Nasional Psikometri, 253-268. Diakses dari

Ramos, J. (2017). Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-being in Adulthood. California State University, Long Beach

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). Happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141-166

Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is Everthing, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-Being’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), pp. 1069–1081.

Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,69(4), 719-727.

Seligman, MEP, & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Psikologi positif: Sebuah pengantar. Psikolog Amerika, 55(1), 5-14

Van Dierendonck, D. (2004) The construct validity of Ryff’s Scale of Psychological well-being and its extension with spiritual well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 36 (3), 629-64.

Most read articles by the same author(s)