Peran Kepala Sekolah dalam Mengatasi Bullying di Sekolah

  • Sri Nurhayati Selian Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Banda Aceh,  Indonesia
  • Winda Putri Diah Restya Universitas Muhammadiyah Aceh, Banda Aceh,  Indonesia


Cases of bullying can occur at all levels of education, from elementary to tertiary levels. Bullying in schools is a serious social problem that must be paid full attention to by the school, especially the principal who leads the school. The purpose of this research is to explore how principals deal with bullying in their schools. The research was conducted in schools where bullying had occurred. Qualitative methods and purposive sampling were used in this study. Three principals were selected and became research participants, the three participants came from two elementary schools and one senior high school. There are three main themes obtained from the results of this study. The first theme is knowing the causes of bullying in schools. The second theme is implementing intervention strategies to prevent bullying in schools. The third theme is the role of the principal in overcoming bullying in schools. Recommendations in this study are given to assist school principals and the entire School Management Team in managing bullying in schools. The first recommendation is that all schools must have a policy on how to deal with bullying in schools, and this policy must be communicated to all educators and students in schools. Consequences for not complying with the policy must be implemented. Second, hold regular meetings with parents to discuss student behavior. Third, sensitive to strange events around and paying attention to the target and the culprit. In conclusion, the principals did their best to implement several strategies to solve the bullying problem.

Keywords: Bullying in Schools, Child Rights, Policies, Principals, Research Studies

PDF Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite:
Selian, S. N., & Restya, W. P. D. (2024). Peran Kepala Sekolah dalam Mengatasi Bullying di Sekolah. Ideguru: Jurnal Karya Ilmiah Guru, 9(2), 531-539.
Research Articles
Abstract viewed: 362 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded: 277 times


Armitage, R. (2021). Bullying in children: impact on child health. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 5(1), e000939.

Astuti, P. R. (2008). Meredam Bullying: 3 cara efektif menanggulangi kekerasan pada anak. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2017). Research methods in education (8th ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Cornell, D., Shukla, K. & Konold, T. (2015). Peer victimization and authoritative school climate: A multilevel approach. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107(4). DOI:10.1037/edu0000038.

Department of Basic Education South Africa (DBESA). (2012). Addressing bullying in schools. School Safety Framework. Pretoria: Government Printer.

Faizah, F., & Amna, Z. (2017). Bullying dan Kesehatan Mental Pada Remaja Sekolah Menengah Atas Di Banda Aceh. Gender Equality: International Journal of Child and Gender Studies, 3(1). DOI:

Forster, M., Gower, A. L., McMorris, B. J., & Borowsky, I. W. (2020). Adverse childhood experiences and school-based victimization and perpetration. Journal of interpersonal violence, 35(3-4), 662-681.

García-Fernández, C.M., Romera Félix, E.M., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2015). Explicative factors of face-to-face harassment and cyberbullying in a sample of primary students. Psicothema, 27, 347–353.

Hazler, R.J. (1996). Breaking the cycle of violence: Interventions for bullying and victimization. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Hidayati, L. N., & Amalia, R. (2021). Psychological Impacts on Adolescent Victims of Bullying: Phenomenology Study. Media Keperawatan Indonesia, 4(3), 201-207. DOI:

Holt, M. K., Vivolo-Kantor, A. M., Polanin, J. R., Holland, K. M., DeGue, S., Matjasko, J. L., Wolfe, M., & Reid, G. (2015). Bullying and suicidal ideation and behaviors: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 135(2), e496-e509.

Khalefa, E. Y., & Selian, S. N. (2021). Non-Random Sample Strategy in Qualitative Art-Related Studies. International Journal of Creative and Arts Studies, 8(1), 35-49. DOI:

Marshall, C. & Rossman, G.B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. New York: Sage Publications.

Menesini, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2017). Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(1), 240-253.

Modecki, K. L., Minchin, J., Harbaugh, A. G., Guerra, N. G., & Runions, K. C. (2014). Bullying prevalence across contexts: A meta analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(5), 602–611.

National Center for Educational Statistics. (2019). Student reports of bullying: Results from the 2017 School Crime Supplement to the National Victimization Survey. US Department of Education. Retrieved from

Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2015). Measuring cyberbullying: Implications for research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 23, 69-74.

Permata, N., Purbasari, I., & Fajrie, N. (2020). Analisa Penyebab Bullying Dalam Kasus Pertumbuhan Mental dan Emosional Anak. Jurnal Prasasti Ilmu, 1(2). DOI:

Sari, Y. P., & Azwar, W. (2017). Fenomena Bullying Siswa: Studi Tentang Motif Perilaku Bullying Siswa di SMP Negeri 01 Painan, Sumatera Barat. Ijtimaiyya: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, 10(2), 333-367.

Sidera, F., Serrat, E., Collell, J., Perpiñà, G., Ortiz, R., & Rostan, C. (2020). Bullying in primary school children: the relationship between victimization and perception of being a victim. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(24), 9540.

Zakiyah, E. Z., Humaedi, S., & Santoso, M. B. (2017). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Remaja Dalam Melakukan Bullying. Prosiding Penelitian & Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 129-389. DOI: