Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Menengah Muhammadiyah yang Progresif Bima Sakti di Era 4.0

  • Mazwar Ismiyanto Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah,  Indonesia
  • Eko Prasetyo Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah,  Indonesia
  • Harun Joko Prayitno Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah,  Indonesia
  • Bambang Soemardjoko Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah,  Indonesia
  • Sabar Narimo Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Jawa Tengah,  Indonesia


The research aims to describe the progressive leadership of the Muhammadiyah high school heads so that they can dig potential and inspire change for the better. Progressive leadership in the context of education in the 4.0 era reflects an active effort to exploit the potential of schools and inspire change that supports the development of pupils and the learning environment in its entirety. These indicators include the use of technology, curriculum innovation and learning methods, teacher and student competence development, partnerships with institutions, empowerment of teachers and employees. The methods used in this research are qualitative, with literature/references and interviews with the head of the Muhammadiyah High School, then analyzed and presented descriptively. The result of the research is that the Muhammadiyah High School, as an educational institution, is claimed to have the leadership to be demonstrated to effectively uncover the potential and influence of transformation. One of the basic principles of sound leadership that is applied is known as progressive leadership. This form of leadership is dedicated to the eternal evolution and rejuvenation of adaptive leadership strategies, and preserves aspirations for the days to come. The findings of this research are attitudes or characteristics of the progressive leadership of the high school of Muhammadiyah which is abbreviated by the name BIMA SAKTI (Berkemajuan, Inovatif, Moderat, Adaptif - Simpati, Amanah, Kolaboratif, Transformatif, Ijtihadi).

Keywords: Progressive Leadership, Bima Sakti, Muhammadiyah High School

PDF Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite:
Ismiyanto, M., Prasetyo, E., Prayitno, H. J., Soemardjoko, B., & Narimo, S. (2024). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Menengah Muhammadiyah yang Progresif Bima Sakti di Era 4.0. Ideguru: Jurnal Karya Ilmiah Guru, 9(3), 1229-1237.
Research Articles
Abstract viewed: 73 times
pdf (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded: 52 times


Abuhassna, H., Al-Rahmi, W. M., Yahya, N., Zakaria, M. A. Z. M., Kosnin, A. B. M., & Darwish, M. (2020). Development of a new model on utilizing online learning platforms to improve students’ academic achievements and satisfaction. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 1–23. DOI:

Acemoglu, Daron, & Robinson, James A. (2012). Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. Crown Publishing Group.

Adipinto, Y. (2019, 25 November). Menjadi Pemimpin yang Adatif dan Efektif. Diakses pada 5 Januari 2024, dari

Agustina, R., Kamdi, W., Hadi, S., Muladi, & Nurhadi, D. (2020). Influence of the principal’s digital leadership on the reflective practices of vocational teachers mediated by trust, self efficacy, and work engagement. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(11), 24–40. DOI:

Akmaluddin, D., & Siburian, P. (2018). Principal Management Strategy in Improving Graduates Quality at State Senior High School (SMA Negeri 12) Banda Aceh. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2018), 200, 281–284. DOI:

Albinsaid, Gamal. (2018, 13 April). Gaya Kepemimpinan Inovatif. Diakses pada 5 Januari 2024, dari

Alessa, G. S. (2021). The Dimensions of Transformational Leadership and Its Organizational Effects in Public Universities in Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. DOI:

Al-Hariri, M. T., & Al-Hattami, A. A. (2017). Impact of students’ use of technology on their learning achievements in physiology courses at the University of Dammam. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 12(1), 82–85. DOI:

Anderson, Cameron & Keltner, Dacher. (2002). The role of empathy in the formation and maintenance of social bonds. Journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 25. 21 - 22. DOI: .

Badriyati, S., & Usman, N. (2020). The Principal’s Policy in Developing Religious Culture. International Symposium on Humanities, Economics and Social Sciences. DOI:

Bintara, B., Mulawarman, W. G., & Azainil, A. (2021). Effect of Principal Leadership Style Women’s and Cultural Organization of Work Ethos Teachers. Aksara: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Nonformal, 7(3), 1045. DOI:

Bush, T. (2011). Theories of educational leadership and management. Sage.

Candrawardhani, Shirley. (2023, 10 Januari). Kepemimpinan Transformasional. Diakses pada 4 Januari 2024, dari

Danarto, Agung. (2021, 23 Januari). Sembilan Tipe yang Melekat di Kepemimpinan Muhammadiyah. Diakses pada 6 Januari 2024, dari

Daratista, I., & Yusuf, M. (2021). Moral Education in Early Childhood in the Era of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Research in Islamic Education, 3(1), 51–60.

Day, C., Sammons, P., Leithwood, K., Hopkins, D., Gu, Q., Brown, E., & Ahtaridou, E. (2011). Successful school leadership: Linking with learning and achievement. Open University Press.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2018). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications.

Dionne, S. D., Yammarino, F. J., Atwater, L. E., & Spangler, W. D. (2004). Transformational leadership and team performance. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 17(2), 177–193,. DOI:

Effendi, R., Lian, B., & Sari, A. P. (2020). Principal Leadership Policy in Improving Instructional Quality. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies (IJPSAT), 368–375.

Effiyanti, E., Lubis, A. R., Sofyan, S., & Syafruddin, S. (2021). The Influence of Transformational Leadership on Organizational Performance: A Case Study in Indonesia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(2), 583–593. DOI:

Elpisah, E., & Hartini, H. (2019). Principal Leadership Style and Its Effect on Teachers Performance. Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen, 17(3), 506–514. DOI:

Fullan, M. (2014). The principal: Three keys to maximizing impact. John Wiley & Sons.

Guo, P., Saab, N., Post, L. S., & Admiraal, W. (2020). A review of project-based learning in higher education: Student outcomes and measures. International Journal of Educational Research, 102(November 2019), 101586. DOI:

Harris, A. (2008). Distributed leadership: According to the evidence. Journal of Educational Administration, 46(2), 172-188.

Hastuti, T., Hastuti, T., Kristiawan, M., & Mulyadi, M. (2020). The Principal’s Leadership in Improving the Quality of Education. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies, 22(1), 314–320.

Hayati, F. N., Suyatno, S., & Susatya, E. (2020). Strengthening of Religious Character Education Based on School Culture in the Indonesian Secondary School. The European Educational Researcher, 3(3), 87–100. DOI:

Huri, A., & Marwanto, M. (2019). Implementation of Model Strengthening Religious Character Education and Nationalists at Muhammadiyah Plus Elementary School City of Salatiga Academic Year 2017/2018. MUDARRISA: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Islam, 11(2), 101–113. DOI:

Ihsani, S., Inderawati, R., & Vianty, M. (2020). The Transformational Leadership Behaviours of School Principals of Vocational High School in Palembang. Tadbir: Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 4(1), 117. DOI:

Ismail, M., Rahim, P. R. M. A., & Yusoff, M. S. M. (2013). Educational Strategies to Develop Discipline among Students from the Islamic Perspectives. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 107, 80–87. DOI:

Ismaya, B. (2017). The implementation of transformational leadership in developing academic quality. Journal of Educational Administration Research and Review, 1(1). DOI:

Kaso, N., Mariani, M., Ilham, D., Firman, F., Aswar, N., & Iksan, M. (2021). The Principal’s Leadership: How to Improve the Quality of Teaching and Learning Process in State Junior High School of Luwu. Jurnal Ad’ministrare, 8(1), 49. DOI:

Khan, H., Rehmat, M., Butt, T. H., Farooqi, S., & Asim, J. (2020). Impact of transformational leadership on work performance, burnout and social loafing: a mediation model. Future Business Journal, 6(1). DOI:

Korejan, M. M., & Shahbazi, H. (2016). An analysis of the transformational leadership theory. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 8(3), 452. DOI:

Lai, F. Y., Tang, H. C., Lu, S. C., Lee, Y. C., & Lin, C. C. (2020). Transformational Leadership and Job Performance: The Mediating Role of Work Engagement. SAGE Open, 10(1). DOI:

Lin, L., Irawan, A. P., Anggarina, P. T., & Kumar, S. (2022). Transformational Leadership Impact on Organizational Effectiveness. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 653, 511–518. DOI:

Mamat, N., Yaakob, M. F. M., & Wijayanti, W. (2021). The level of transformational leadership and the effectiveness of primary school organization. Jurnal Akuntabilitas Manajemen Pendidikan, 9(2), 159–170. DOI:

Masaong, A. K., Haris, I., Asrin, & Yunus, S. D. J. (2016). Developing Character Education Management Model. 6th International Conference on Educational, Management, Administration and Leadership, 45–49. DOI:

Maryati, E., Fitria, H., & Rohana, R. (2020). The Influence of Principal’s Leadership Style and Organizational Culture on Teacher’s Performance. Journal of Social Work and Science Education, 1(2), 127–139. DOI:

Moraitou, D., & Papalexopoulos, E. (2016). Adaptive learning systems: Characteristics and functionality. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(10), 779–784.

Mukhtar, R., & Prasetyo, M. A. M. (2020). The Influence of Transformational Leadership, Interpersonal Communication, and Organizational Conflict on Organizational Effectiveness. International Journal of Educational Review, 2(1), 1–17. DOI:

Nasir, Haedar. (2021, 22 September). Lima Ciri Substantif Kepemimpinan Islam Menurut Prof. Haedar Nasir. Diakses pada 5 Januari 2024, dari

Navaridas-Nalda, F., Emeterio, M. C.-S., Fernández-Ortiz, R., & Arias-Oliva, M. (2020). The strategic influence of school principal leadership in the digital transformation of schools. Computers in Human Behavior, 112. DOI:

Noor, M. (2022, 2 Desember). Memilih Sosok Pemimpin Pilpres. Diakses pada 4 Januari 2024, dari

Nursyifa, A. (2019). Transformasi Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial dalam Menghadapi Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. DOI:

Nussbaum, Martha. (2000). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.

Prihatini, D., Arafat, Y., & Mulyadi, M. (2021). The Influence of Organizational Culture and Principal Leadership Towards Teacher’s Performance. Journal of Social Work and Science Education, 1(3), 204–213.DOI:

Rachmawati, M., Dewantoro, B., Dasmadi, D., Novandalina, A., & Budiyono, R. (2021). Transformational Leadership and Motivation on Community Performance: Case Study on Village-Owned Enterprise (BUMDes) Organization in Semarang District Central Java. Jurnal Bina Praja, 13(2), 331–341. DOI:

Robinson, V., Hohepa, M., & Lloyd, C. (2009). School leadership and student outcomes: Identifying what works and why. Best Evidence Synthesis Iteration [BES].

Rogers, E. M. (2010). Diffusion of innovations. Simon and Schuster.

Sahara, B. (2020). Relationship of Principal Leadership Style, Teacher Work Culture, Teacher Competency, Teacher Job Satisfaction and Performance of Special School Teachers in Banjarbaru City. Journal of K6 Education and Management, 3(4), 505–518. DOI:

Salsabila, Amalia (2021, 10 Agustus). Pemimpin Inovatif Kunci Keberhasilan Organisasi. Diakses pada 4 Januari 2024, dari

Simamora, C.M. (2018, 5 Oktober). Pemimpin Perubahan-Adative Leader. Diakses pada 4 Januari 2024, dari

Sohiron, Sohiron & Syukri, Ahmad & US, Kasful. (2019). Sifat Empati Pemimpin Terhadap Bawahan Sebagai Kunci Keberhasihan Kepemimpinan Dalam Sistem Manajemen Pendidikan Islam. Indonesian Journal of Islamic Educational Management. 2. 43. DOI:

Syamsudin, Din. (2019, 27 April). Islam Berkemajuan: Maksud dan Tujuannya. Diakses pada 5 Januari 2024, dari

Syarifuddin (2016, 2 Mei). Mencari Sosok Pemimpin yang Amanah. Diakses pada 3 Januari 2024, dari

Tusriyanto. (2022, 22 Februari). Moderasi dalam Kepemimpinan. Diakses pada 5 Januari 2024, dari

Waoma, Ken J. (2020, 12 Desember). Kepemimpinan Inovatif. Diakses pada 4 Januari 2024, dari

Wargadinata, Ella. (2016). Kepemimpinan Kolaboratif. Jurnal Administrasi Pemerintahan Daerah Vol. VIII. Edisi 1. Hal 1-14.

Most read articles by the same author(s)